Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics (9th Edition)

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ISBN9781119391388/ 9781119391463
AuthorsMichael J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro, Daisie D. Boettner


Thermodynamics, the study of energy transformations, is a crucial discipline in engineering. As a cornerstone of mechanical and chemical engineering, mastering the fundamentals of thermodynamics is essential for professionals in these fields. One of the most renowned resources for learning this subject is the Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics textbook, specifically the 9th edition. In this blog post, we will delve into the key aspects of this edition, highlighting its comprehensive coverage, practical examples, and relevance to real-world applications.

Chapter 1: Introduction and Basic Concepts

The 9th edition of Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics commences with an introductory chapter that lays a strong foundation for the subsequent content. Here, the authors provide an overview of thermodynamics and introduce fundamental concepts such as systems, properties, and processes. The chapter also emphasizes the importance of units and unit conversions, ensuring a solid grasp of these essentials.

Chapter 2: Energy Conversion and General Energy Analysis

Moving forward, the textbook delves into energy conversion and analysis. This chapter explores various energy forms, including mechanical, thermal, chemical, and nuclear energy. It also covers energy transfer mechanisms such as work and heat, presenting detailed energy analysis techniques. The authors present examples of practical applications, encouraging readers to relate theoretical concepts to real-world scenarios.

Chapter 3: Properties of Pure Substances

Understanding the properties of pure substances is vital for thermodynamic analysis. The 9th edition provides an in-depth examination of this topic. It explores the behavior of substances in different phases and introduces important concepts like saturation, quality, and phase diagrams. The chapter also explains thermodynamic properties such as pressure, temperature, and specific volume, which are fundamental in subsequent chapters.

Chapter 4: Energy Analysis of Closed Systems

This chapter focuses on closed systems, where no mass crosses the system boundary. It introduces the first law of thermodynamics and demonstrates how it can be applied to analyze energy transfer processes. The textbook provides clear explanations and practical examples of work and heat interactions within closed systems. Additionally, it covers various energy analysis techniques such as steady-state and transient processes.

Chapter 5: Mass and Energy Analysis of Control Volumes

Expanding on the concepts introduced in the previous chapter, Chapter 5 delves into control volume analysis. Here, readers gain insights into open systems, where mass can cross the system boundary. The authors discuss the steady-flow energy equation, focusing on both energy and mass balance. Practical examples, including flow through nozzles and turbines, help readers connect theory with real-world applications.

Chapter 6: The Second Law of Thermodynamics

The 9th edition provides a comprehensive treatment of the second law of thermodynamics, a fundamental principle governing energy transformations. This chapter explores entropy, irreversibility, and the Carnot cycle. It also introduces the concept of thermodynamic temperature scales and explains how the second law restricts the efficiency of energy conversion devices. Practical applications, such as heat engines and refrigerators, bring the concepts to life.

Chapter 7: Entropy

Building upon the second law, Chapter 7 focuses on entropy—a central concept in thermodynamics. The textbook delves into entropy generation and the entropy balance equation. It explains how entropy plays a crucial role in determining system behavior and provides insights into reversible and irreversible processes. Practical examples, such as the Brayton cycle and throttling devices, enhance the understanding of entropy-related concepts.

Chapter 8: Energy: A Measure of Work Potential

This chapter explores the concept of energy as a measure of work potential. It covers various forms of energy storage, including mechanical, thermal, chemical, and electrical energy. The authors explain the concept of availability and how it relates to energy conversion efficiency. Furthermore, the chapter introduces exergy analysis, a powerful tool for assessing the quality of energy.


The 9th edition of Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics serves as an invaluable resource for engineering students and professionals. Its comprehensive coverage of thermodynamic principles, practical examples, and emphasis on real-world applications make it an essential guide. By mastering the fundamentals presented in this textbook, readers can develop a solid understanding of thermodynamics and apply it to solve engineering problems effectively.

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